Although bacterial and fungi colonies have many characteristics and some can be rare, there are a few basic elements that you can identify for all colonies:
- Form - What is the basic shape of the colony? For example, circular, filamentous, etc.
- Elevation - What is the cross sectional shape of the colony? Turn the Petri dish on end.
- Margin - What is the magnified shape of the edge of the colony?
- Surface - How does the surface of the colony appear? For example, smooth, glistening, rough, dull (opposite of glistening), rugose (wrinkled), etc.
- Opacity - For example, transparent (clear), opaque, translucent (almost clear, but distorted vision, like looking through frosted glass), iridescent (changing colors in reflected light), etc.
- Chromogenesis (pigmentation) - For example, white, buff, red, purple, etc.